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Vertical Farming

Vertical farming in solar greenhouses.

Food and Agronomic Biofortification and Intensive production of fruits, vegetables, aromatic and medicinal herbs.

Vertical farming solar greenhouses are the practice of producing food in vertical containers into solar greenhouses. Defining Vertical Farming (VF), it is a system of commercial farming whereby plants, animals, fungi and other life forms are cultivated for food, fuel, fibre or other products or services by artificially stacking them vertically above each other.

The modern ideas of vertical farming use indoor farming techniques and controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) technology, where all environmental factors can be controlled.

Our greenhouses will utilize artificial control of light, environmental control (humidity, temperature, gases…) and fertigation (the injection of fertilizers, soil amendments, and other watersoluble products into the irrigation system).

A Vertical Farm of one hectare will have a total of 24 floors, solely for the purpose of legumes, fruits, vegetables, aromatic herbs et medical herbs production. In addition, there will be a specific area for cleaning of the growth trays, sowing and germination, and one for packing and processing the plants for sales and delivery.

LED (Light Emitting Diode) technology is chosen for the artificial lighting as it emits a low level of thermal radiation, has no hot electrodes, and has no high-voltage ballasts. LED also has a long operating life, which makes it a practical alternative for long-term usage involving plant production. Most importantly, it is possible to modify the irradiation output to approximate the peak absorption zone of chlorophyll. The selected plant species have different illumination requirements in terms of PPF (Photosynthetic Photon Flux). Therefore, the panels are not operated at maximum power, but on different power levels depending on the PPF requirements of the plant species. Furthermore, the desired duration of illumination is adapted to the needs of the plants, leading to 12 – 16 hours periods depending on the plant species. Furthermore, to save power, the LED will be operated in a shutter sequence.

The Vertical Farm has to provide the optimal conditions for the crops to transition from seeds through germination, vegetative, reproductive and harvesting phases. As it is a closed system, a major prerequisite is controlled temperature and relative humidity. Another major task in such a closed system is filtering out contaminations and trace gases, such as ethylene, which is released into the air by a plant. For these matters, a strict environmental control is required, controlling the air quality and recycling the excess nutrients.

The fluid delivery system of this VF has special requirements not only because it must provide the water necessary for all the subsystems of the building and handle the sewage management as any normal industrial building, but also because it must provide the required nutrients for all the different crops as well as function as an irrigation system, the indoor farming techniques and controlled-environment agriculture (CEA) technology.

Vertical farming, the different levels and the different products.

Inside the vertical farming solar greenhouses, we will produce the following products naturally enriched in lithium and selenium: rocket salad, lettuce, basil, carrots, spinach, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, onions, watermelon and melons, asparagus, cabbage, radicchio and saffron.

Functional value of lithium

  • Improves the state of mind/mood
  • Stimulates the transfer of vitamins to brain cells
  • Increases life expectancy (decreases mortality)
  • Reduces aggressiveness
  • Protects the neuronal system and brain cells
  • Reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s
  • Anti-aging capabilities

Functional value of selenium

  • Reduces the risk of death and the cognitive decline in the elderly
  • Reduces thyroid gland infections and the concentration of own antibodies
  • Increases the response of the elderly immune system
  • Increases male and female fertility
  • Reduces cardiovascular risks as it prevents plasma lipid oxidation
  • Anti-cancer effect in several types of cancer

 
Aromatic et medicinal herbs.

Inside the vertical farming solar greenhouses, we will produce also aromatic herbs and medicinal herbs.

We will cultivate the following medicinal herbs: lavender, chamomile, the thyme, calendula, sage, valerian and several aromatic herbs to produce essential oils. Essential oils have long been used for food preparation, beauty treatment, and health-care practices.

The medicinal herbs relieve common ailments like:

  • Indigestion
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Sunburn
  • Headaches
  • Coughs
  • Colds

and much more.

ENOIL BIOENERGIES

Biotechnology & Renewable Energy Company

Developing a Sustainable Future

 

 ENOIL BIOENERGIES
is a Biotechnology and
Renewable Energy company
registered in Switzerland
Reg. No. CH-660.0.696.013-9
IDE: CHE-300.822.831

HEAD OFFICE

Quai Gustave-Ador 54
1207 Geneva
Switzerland

 

 

BRANCH

Av. Mercier de Moulin 5 3960 Sierre, Valais
Switzerland

 

CONTACT US

Tel: +41 22 552 62 26
Fax: +41 22 525 30 70
info@enoilbioenergies.com